The following sources were used in the making of these webpages:

The Pilot's Handbook Of Aeronautical Knowledge, by the Federal Aviation Administration

The Airplane Flying Handbook, by the Federal Aviation Administration

Basic Aerobatics, by Geza Szurovy

Fly For Fun, by Bill Thomas

•CFIGuide, especially their page on adverse forces in flight (


•Though not directly citable, all of the countless hours spent with my flight instructors and other aerobatic pilots discussing aerodynamics.