Sources and Links

Tidal Forces


  • Cartwright, D.E., 1999. Tides: A Scientific History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 292 p.

  • Dronkers, J.J., 1964. Tidal Computations in Rivers and Coastal Waters. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. 518 p.

  • LeBlond, P.H. and L.A. Mysak, 1978. Waves in the Ocean. Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co. 602 p.

  • Padman, L. and S. Erofeeva, 2003. A Barotropic Inverse Tidal Model for the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, (submitted). Accessed 11/18/2003.

  • Robertson, R. A., L. Padman, and G. D. Egbert, 1998: Tides in the Weddell Sea, In: Ocean, Ice, and Atmosphere, Interactions at the Antarctic Continental Margin , Antarctic Research Series , Volume 75 , S. S. Jacobs and R. F. Weiss, editors, pp. 341-369, AGU, Washington, D.C. Accessed 11/18/2003.

  • Wilhelm, H., W. Zurn and H.-G. Wenzel (Eds.), 1997. Tidal Phenomena. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 398 p.


Tidal Components
Equilibrium Theory
Dynamic Theory
Amphidromic Systems
Tide Waves
Closed Basins & Channels
Arctic & Antarctic Tides


Author: E. Boyce
Created: 7 December, 2003
Web project for PHYS645 Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, University of Alaska Fairbanks