Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

            Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7, 1888 in a village near Trichinopoly in the province of Tamil Nadu, India. With a father who was a professor of physics and mathematics and a mother who came from a family of Sanskrit scholars, Raman exhibited a precocious nature at an early age. He received a B.A. degree from Presidency College in Madras at the age of 16, placing first in his class and receiving a gold medal in physics. In 1907 he  received his MA degree but due to health drawbacks and lack of research market in India at that time Raman joined the Indian Finance Department as an Assistant Accountant General. After resigning his government post he went back to researching on physics at the University of Calcutta.
                Raman started out his research in physics by studying "acoustics" and also carried out significant research regarding it. N.H. Fletcher wrote in a review regarding the non-linear physics of musical instruments that, " Musical Instruments have been of interests to scientists from the time of Pythagoras, 2500 years ago, and since then many famous physicists. among Helmholtz, Rayleigh and Raman, have devoted at least some of their attention to them."" Raman being mentioned in the same breath as Helmholtz and Rayleigh leaves no doubt about the importance of his work." One of Raman's masterpiece was his monograph of 1918, " On the Mechanical Theory of Vibrations of Bowed Strings and of Musical Instruments of the Violin Family."
                 But what Raman is mostly  known for is his discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes its wavelength.This dsicovery is famously known as the Raman Effect. C.V. Raman was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for his discovery of the Raman effect.