All animations courtesy of

Auto Shop Online

Beichner, Robert J., Serway, Raymond A., & Jewett, John W., Jr. Physics for Scientists and
Engineers, 5th Ed.. Thomson Learning Inc., Australia, 2000.

dmoz Open Directory Project

EPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory, July 20, 1998.

How Stuff Works

Kirkpatrick, Allan. Colorado State University.

Moros, Ralph. The Four-Stroke Cycle/Otto Cycle. 1998

Stewart, Daniel W. Southwest Research Institute: Engine Research Department. April 08, 2003.

Return to Main Page