Quantum Experiments


The theory of quantum matter transportation was just that, a theory, until two experiments made it a reality. The first of these was in 1993 at IBM where the first matter transport took place. The scientists responsible for this were "Charles Bennett from IBM's T.J. Watson Research Center in New York, Gilles Brassard at the University of Montreal, Claude Crépeau at the Laboratoire d'Informatique de l'École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, Richard Jozsa of the University of Montreal in Quebec, Asher Peres of the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel, and William K. Wootters of Williams College, Massachusetts" (Barret). In this experiment a particle was transported using an entangled pair in the exact manner that was theorized, although it was during this experiment that it was discovered that the original particle had to be destroyed for it to work.

The second of these experiments was the Innsbruck Experiment in 1997, which proved that two existing particles could be entangled using a series of beam splitting and polarizing crystals. The group resposible for this experiment consisted of Dik Bouwmeester, Jian-Wei Pan, Klaus Mattle, Manfred Eibl and Harald Weinfurter at the University of Innsbruck (Zeilinger 55).

(Zeilinger 55)

The Innsbruck Experiment