Friction

Friction between surface and bottom of shoes and friction between foot and inside of shoe

Friction between the surface and bottom of the shoes is important if the runner wants to go anywhere.

For surfaces pertaining to sidewalks, roads, and rocky areas the bottom of running shoes should be flat as there would
be enough friction between the shoe and ground for slipping not to occur. Slipping results in thermal energy instead of
going towards movement as the following equation implies:

W = F*d*cosθ            where W is work

F is the force

θ is the angle between F and d

The bottom of the shoe is also flat because the surface area contact is larger.

For surfaces pertaining to grass, dirt, or gritty areas the use of spikes on the bottom of the running shoe may be preferred as the spikes not only allow more area for friction to occur but it mostly allows for the runner to push off the ground without slipping easily due to the normal forces between the ground and the spikes.

Friction between the runner’s foot and the inside of their shoe is also important.

The runner’s foot is surrounded by normal forces from the heel counter to the collar to the top of the shoe which is kept in place with laces. All these provide a static coefficient enough to keep the foot in place so it doesn’t slip and result in transfer of energy from moving to thermal energy.

http://shoes180.com/uploaded_images/Buy-Running-Shoes-763078.jpg, 21 Apr. 2009.

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